Multilingualism in Society (SML2244)

StaffDr Clementine Force - Lecturer
Credit Value15
ECTS Value7.5
NQF Level6
Duration of Module Term 2: 11 weeks;

Module aims

The aim of this module is to introduce you to various aspects of multilingualism from a sociolinguistic perspective. The course will introduce you to concepts such as bilingualism, diglossia, language maintenance and shift, language planning, regional minority languages and immigrant minority languages in Europe. Examples from the European context will be discussed and you will be expected to explore specific case studies and data according to your own programme of study and language interests/experiences.

ILO: Module-specific skills

  • 1. Demonstrate an understanding of issues of multilingualism and apply them to the analysis of examples from your own experience as language learners
  • 2. Gain awareness of linguistic diversity and multilingualism UK and Europe.
  • 3. Identify and analyse different kinds of mutilingualism both on a state, regional and city level.
  • 4. Use the new linguistic terminology appropriately.

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

  • 5. Understand sociolinguistic concepts and apply them to the analysis of multilingualism in societies
  • 6. Carry out personal research taking as a starting point the classes and the reading list provided by the tutor
  • 7. Understand and use, in written contexts, a range of linguistic terms
  • 8. Access and use critically printed and, where appropriate, electronic learning resources identified as useful by the course tutor(s), and, to a limited extent, discover other useful materials independently.

ILO: Personal and key skills

  • 9. Apply reading skills, analysis and evaluationand participate in discussions and team work..

Syllabus plan

Introduction: Multilingualism
Bilingualism and diglossia
Language maintenance and shift
Language planning
Regional minority languages in Europe
Immigrant minority languages in Europe

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities1610 x 1.5 hr lecture + seminar + 1 x conclusion
Guided Independent Study134Private Study

Formative assessment

Form of assessmentSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Mini Essay500 WordsAllIndividual & collective, written & oral

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Essay1002500 wordsAllIndividual, written and oral

Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
EssayEssayAllAugust Ref/Def period

Re-assessment notes

Deferral – if you miss an assessment for certificated reasons judged acceptable by the Mitigation Committee, you will normally be either deferred in the assessment or an extension may be granted. The mark given for a re-assessment taken as a result of deferral will not be capped and will be treated as it would be if it were your first attempt at the assessment.

Referral – if you have failed the module overall (i.e. a final overall module mark of less than 40%) you will be required to submit a further assessment as necessary. If you are successful on referral, your overall module mark will be capped at 40%.

Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

Alladina, Safder and Viv Edwards (Eds.). 1991. Multilingualism in the British Isles (Volume 2: Africa, the Middle East and Asia). London/New York: Longman.

Alladina, Safder and Viv, Edwards (Eds.). 1991. Multilingualism in the British Isles (Volume 1: The older mother tongues and Europe). London/New York: Longman
Appel, Ren and Muysken, Pieter. 1987. Language contact and bilingualism. London: Arnold.

Coulmas, Florian. 2005. Sociolinguistics: the study of speakers choice. Cambridge: CUP.

Edwards, John. 2009. Societal Multilingualism: reality, recognition and response. In: Peter Auer & Li We (Eds.) Handbook of Multilingualism and Multilingual Communication. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Ch.18

Extra, Guus and Durk Gorter. 2001. The other languages of Europe. Multilingual Matters.

Extra, Guus and Durk Gorter. Multilingual Europe: facts and policies. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Extra, Guus and Kutlay Yagmur. 2004. Urban multilingualism in Europe: immigrant minority languages at home and school. Multilingual Matters.

Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle and Stefan, Wolff (Eds.). 2003. Minority languages in Europe. Framework, Status Prospects. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Holmes, Janet. 2008. An introduction to sociolinguistics. Harlow: Pearson-Longman.
Mesthrie, Rajend, Swann, Joan, Deumert, Ana & Leap, William, L. 2010. Introducing sociolinguistics Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Myers-Scotton, Carol. 2006. Multiple Voices: an introduction to bilingualism. Oxford: Blackwell O'Reilly, Camille (Ed.). 2001. Language, ethnicity and state. Volume 1: Minority languages in the European Union. Hampshire: Palgrave.

Romaine, Suzanne. 2000. Language in society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wardhaugh, Ronald. 2010. An introduction to Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.





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Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources

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